Cron Jobs

Aurora supports execution of scheduled jobs on a Mesos cluster using cron-style syntax.

Overview

A job is identified as a cron job by the presence of a cron_schedule attribute containing a cron-style schedule in the Job object. Examples of cron schedules include “every 5 minutes” (*/5 * * * *), “Fridays at 17:00” (* 17 * * FRI), and “the 1st and 15th day of the month at 03:00” (0 3 1,15 *).

Example (available in the Vagrant environment):

$ cat /vagrant/examples/job/cron_hello_world.aurora
# cron_hello_world.aurora
# A cron job that runs every 5 minutes.
jobs = [
  Job(
    cluster = 'devcluster',
    role = 'www-data',
    environment = 'test',
    name = 'cron_hello_world',
    cron_schedule = '*/5 * * * *',
    task = SimpleTask(
      'cron_hello_world',
      'echo "Hello world from cron, the time is now $(date --rfc-822)"'),
  ),
]

Collision Policies

The cron_collision_policy field specifies the scheduler’s behavior when a new cron job is triggered while an older run hasn’t finished. The scheduler has two policies available, KILL_EXISTING and CANCEL_NEW.

KILL_EXISTING

The default policy - on a collision the old instances are killed and a instances with the current configuration are started.

CANCEL_NEW

On a collision the new run is cancelled.

Note that the use of this flag is likely a code smell - interrupted cron jobs should be able to recover their progress on a subsequent invocation, otherwise they risk having their work queue grow faster than they can process it.

Failure recovery

Unlike with services, which aurora will always re-execute regardless of exit status, instances of cron jobs retry according to the max_task_failures attribute of the Task object. To get “run-until-failure” semantics, set max_task_failures to -1.

Interacting with cron jobs via the Aurora CLI

Most interaction with cron jobs takes place using the cron subcommand. See aurora2 help cron for up-to-date usage instructions.

cron schedule

Schedules a new cron job on the Aurora cluster for later runs, or updates an existing job.

$ aurora2 cron schedule devcluster/www-data/test/cron_hello_world /vagrant/examples/jobs/cron_hello_world.aurora

cron deschedule

Deschedules a cron job, preventing future runs but allowing current runs to complete.

$ aurora2 cron deschedule devcluster/www-data/test/cron_hello_world

cron start

Start a cron job immediately, outside of its normal cron schedule.

$ aurora2 cron start devcluster/www-data/test/cron_hello_world

job killall, job restart, job kill

Cron jobs create instances running on the cluster that you can interact with like normal Aurora tasks with job kill and job restart.

Technical Note About Syntax

cron_schedule uses a restricted subset of BSD crontab syntax. While the execution engine currently uses Quartz, the schedule parsing is custom, a subset of FreeBSD crontab(5) syntax. See the source for details.

Caveats

Failovers

No failover recovery. Aurora does not record the latest minute it fired triggers for across failovers. Therefore it’s possible to miss triggers on failover. Note that this behavior may change in the future.

It’s necessary to sync time between schedulers with something like ntpd. Clock skew could cause double or missed triggers in the case of a failover.

Collision policy is best-effort

Aurora aims to always have at least one copy of a given instance running at a time - it’s an AP system, meaning it chooses Availability and Partition Tolerance at the expense of Consistency.

If your collision policy was CANCEL_NEW and a task has terminated but Aurora has not noticed this Aurora will go ahead and create your new task.

If your collision policy was KILL_EXISTING and a task was marked LOST but not yet GCed Aurora will go ahead and create your new task without attempting to kill the old one (outside the GC interval).

Timezone Configuration

Cron timezone is configured indepdendently of JVM timezone with the -cron_timezone flag and defaults to UTC.